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Authors: manual of style

Comicality is an electronic journal hosted on the portal and its manufacture requires the use of a software called LODEL. It requires having well structured texts and we invite all contributors to read these instructions .

The articles

Length and size

As electronic publishing, Comicality is not limited in page count or signs and we intend to publish articles with a length of between 4000 and 16000 words (25,000 and 80,000 characters including spaces).

The paper must be delivered in "doc" or "rtf" format. No format "pdf" or "odt" will be accepted.


In Comicality, footnotes are not meant to indicate to indicate main bibliographic references (see below). They provide a space for expression, and we invite the authors to expose their intuitions before eventually expand them using for example Les Carnets de la bande dessinée.

They must also be accompanied by list of terms feeding different Comicality’s indexes and we encourage our authors to conceive them as exhaustively as possible. These have vocation allowing effective research inside the site and are of therefore several types.

  • Keywords : thematic index with concepts and we ask authors to provide at least five. has a search engine text : it is then unnecessary to include “comic” or “cartoon”.

  • Publishing Index : it includes terms that allow researchers to point out data relating to the publishing system. If they do not constitute mere information (that is to say if they belong to bibliography), but are part of the reflection, the author of the article can provide : name of publisher, collection, standard websites, newspaper ...

  • Index of names cited : it includes all persons appearing at some point in the paper and we ask researchers not to censor themselves on this point. Authors of works, but also researchers, critics and journalists on which papers rely have to be mentioned.



Focusing on comics, Comicality is intended to host images. They should not be inserted in the text : the author has to states (“View image x” marked in bold) the place to which he wishes that they appear.
Images must be submitted separately, in the form of independent files (“Image1”, “Image2”, etc..) of “png”, “jpg” or “tiff” format. They must be accompanied by a file (called “Titles”) in which the author lists : author, title of work, publisher, all followed by the words “Rights Reserved”.

It is also possible to insert videos in papers. They must be hosted on an independent Website (Internet Archive, YouTube). Authors are invited to include the URL to where they want the document appears.

Pictures reproduction fees

Comicality is not able to pay copyright images. We intend therefore to request permission to reproduce pictures free of charge and apply the right to quote (which, although disputed, seems to be an adequate framework for a scientific publication). In order not to delay the publication process, we ask authors to provide a provisional list of images that they want to publish in their works.

Our publications of picture meets some principles.

  • It must have a point and serve a demonstration. We will not release images unless they are directly related to a scientific work (through a reference indicated by "cf”). And there will be explicit informations about this picture in the body of the article and in the “credit” section.

  • It must be measured and we won’t publish a too abundant iconography. We can not publish 15 images the same book, unless it serves explicitly a demonstration (and, in that case, we will contact the publisher. And we prefer, whenever possible, the publication of details of a page, unless again if it serves a scientific point.

For reasons beyond our control, we unfortunately have to inform our authors that will be difficult to post images taken from certain works (such as Tintin and Asterix). We invite researchers to contact the chief editor well in advance of publication.


The references are indicated in the text but developed end of the article under a section "Bibliography".

References in the text and footnotes

They are noted as follows :

(AUTHOR, year, possibly followed by a letter in the case of multiple works published the same year, page)

(BAETENS, 1997b, p. 133)

For example : “notably for George Lucas’s Star Wars (ZITO, 1999, p. 47)”

References may appear in footnotes when they provide details (e.g.g., "as reported by Thierry Groensteen (Groensteen, 2006, p. 123)") but they are never developed.

Bibliographic standards

References should be arranged according to international standards ISO 690 and 690-2. They make it possible to better integrate Comicality’sarticles in scientific databases and thus provide better visibility to the publications that we distribute. In addition, this harmonization could eventually lead to the formation of a general bibliography on the comic book : a set of references harmonized and consolidated end of the article may in fact be operated using software such as EndNote.

These standards are based on the layout of a number of things : if known, it is mandatory to mention (the rule is that maximum information can not hurt).

  • Author (LAST NAME, first name).

  • Title (in Italic for works, quote for articles).

  • Translator, director (ed.).

  • Edition version (for example : « 5th edition »).

  • Place of publication (eventually, indicate the country).

  • Publisher.

  • Date of publication (in reference to the edition cited, possibly in brackets indicate the date of the first edition).

  • Pagination (the book or section in the case of the bibliography. The page of a quote is given in the text).

  • Collection (presented as follows : Coll. « xxx »).

  • ISBN (prefer ISBN or EAN 13, possibly obtained after a search on a database) or ISSN.

Refer to a monograph (document non-periodic : book, comprehensive study available on the Web ...)

In the case of a book

LAST NAME, First name. Title. Translator. Edition version. Place : publisher, date. Pagination. Coll « x » (eventually n° ). ISBN.

JENKINS, Henry. Convergence Culture. New York City : New York University Press, 2006. 336 p. ISBN 9780814742952.

In the case of a book which belongs to a series (several volumes)

LAST NAME, First name. Title (title of the series, volume number). Translator. Edition version. Place : publisher, date. Pagination. Coll « x » (eventually n° ). ISBN.

ENNIS, Garth. ROBERTSON, Derrick. McCREA, John. Self-preservation society (The Boys, volume 6). Runnemede (USA) : Dynamite Entertainment, 2010. 200 p. ISBN 9781606901250.

In the case of a collective work

LAST NAME, First name (dir.). Title. Translator. Edition version. Place : publisher, date. Pagination. Coll « x » (eventually n° ). ISBN.

GROENSTEEN, Thierry (dir.). Maîtres de la bande dessinée européenne. Paris : Bibliothèque Nationale de France/Seuil, 2000. 208 p. ISBN 9782020436571.

In the case of a part of collective work

LAST NAME, First name. « Title of the contribution ». In LAST NAME, first name ed.). Title. Translator. Edition version. Place : publisher, date, pagination. Coll « x » (eventually n° ). ISBN.

LEFEVRE, Pascal. “Incompatible Visual Ontologies”. In GORDON, JANCOVICH and MacALLISTER (eds.). Film and Comic Books. Oxford (USA) : University Press of Mississippi, 2007, p. 3-5.

In the case of a book or study available on the Web

LAST NAME, First name. Title [online]. Translator. Place : publisher, date of publication, date of last modification [Accessed on xx]. Available online. URL <URL> ISBN.

DAYEZ, Hugues. Le Duel Tintin-Spirou [online]. Bruxelles : Éditions Luc Pire Electronique, 2001 [accessed on July 22, 2011]. Available online. URL <> ISBN 2930088494

RATIER, Gilles. Une année de bandes dessinées sur le terrain francophone européen. 2010 : le marché se tasse, la production s’accroît… [online] ACBD, 2010 [accessed on July 22, 2011]. Available online. URL <

Refer to an article (part of a periodic document : journals, newspapers, websites ...)

In the case of a printed document

LAST NAME, First name. « Title of the contribution ». Title of the journal, publication date, issue, pagination. ISSN.

McDONALD, Dwight. “A Theory of Mass Culture”. Diogenes, september 1953, n° 3, p. 1-17.

In the case of a digital document

Caution : always indicate the URL and DOI if they are available.

LAST NAME, First name. « Title of the contribution ». Title of the journal [online], publication date, issue [Accessed on xx]. Available online. URL <URL> DOI <doi>

BAETENS, Jan. « Strip, série, séquence ». Transatlantica [online], 1/2010, September 27, 2010 [Accessed on October 18, 2010]. Available online. URL <>

Refer to another document (TV, radio ...)

Try to fill up all fields : author, publisher, producer, release date ...

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